Bharatendu Harishchandra, born in Banaras (September 9, 1850 – January 6, 1885) is known as the father of modern Hindi literature as well as Hindi theatre. He is considered one of the greatest Hindi writers of modern India. A recognized poet, he was also a trend setter in Hindi prose-writing. As an author of several dramas, life sketches and travel accounts, Bharatendu Harishchandra represents the agonies of the people, country’s poverty, dependency, inhuman exploitation, the unrest of the middle class and the urge for the progress of the country. He wrote under the pen name “Rasa”.
Bharatendu devoted his life to the development of Hindi literature. In recognition of his services as a writer, patron and modernizer, the title of “Bharatendu” was conferred on him at a public meeting by scholars of Kashi in 1880. Reputed literary critic Ram Vilas Sharma refers to the “great literary awakening ushered in under Bharatendu’s leadership” as the “second storey of the edifice of renascent Hindi,” the first being the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Some popular creations by him are as follows
Bhagat sarvagya, Prem malika 1872, Prem Maduri 1875, Prem Tarang 1877, Prem Pralap, Prem fuhalwari 1883 and Prem Srowar, Holi(होली)(१८७९), Madu Mukul ( मधुमुकुल) (१८८१), Raag Sangraah ( राग-संग्रह,१८८०), Varsha Vinod ( वर्षा-1950 5455विनोद,१८८०), Vinya Prem Pachassa (विनय प्रेम पचासा,१८८१), Pholo ka Guchha (फूलों कागुच्छा,१८८२), Chandravali in 1876, and Krishan Charitra(कृष्णचरित्र,१८८३), Utrarat Bhagat Mal ( उत्तरार्द्धभक्तमाल,१८७६-७७)।
Just follow the links to read all the poems by Bharatendu