Jaishankar Prasad was one of the most famous figures in modern Hindi literature as well as Hindi theatre. He was born on January 30, 1889, in an elite madheshiya gupta vaisya family in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. His father Babu Devki Prasad, also known as Sunghani Sahu (सुंघनी साहू), was a tobacco dealer. After, he lost his father at an early age, he had to encounter some family financial problems at a relatively young age, and left school after class eight. However, he remained interested in literature, many languages, and ancient history, and continued studying at home; thereafter he developed a special inclination towards the Vedas and these interests are innately reflected in the deep philosophical contender/content of his works.
His initial poetry (Chitraadhar collection) was done in the Braj dialect of Hindi, but later he switched to the Khadi dialect or Sanskritized Hindi. In his earlier days, he was influenced by Sanskrit dramas, but later the influence of Bengali and Persian dramas is evident on his works. Prasad’s most famous dramas include Skandagupta, Chandragupta and Dhruvaswamini. His other famous poems are as follows.
- Kanan kusum (The Forest Flower)
- Maharana ka mahatv (The Maharana’s greatness)
- Jharna (The Waterfall)
- Arun Ye Madhumaya Desh Hamara
Just follow the links to read all the poems by Jaishankar Prasad