Mahadevi Varma (Hindi: महादेवी वर्मा) best known as an outstanding Hindi poet, was a freedom fighter, woman’s activist and educationist from India. She is widely regarded as the “modern Meera”. She was a major poet of the Chhayavaad generation, a period of romanticism in Modern Hindi poetry ranging from 1914-1938. With passage of time, her limited but outstanding prose has been recognized as unique in Hindi Literature. She was a prominent poet in Hindi Kavi sammelans (Gatherings of poets).
She was the Principal, and then the Vice Chancellor of Prayag Mahila Vidyapeeth, a woman’s residential college in Allahabad. She was awarded India’s highest literary award, for lifetime achievement, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979, followed by the Janapith Award in 1982. She was the recipient of the Padma Vibhushan, India’s second-highest civilian award, in 1988.
Mahadevi was born in Farrukhabad in a family of lawyers. She was educated at Jabalpur- Madhya Pradesh. She was the eldest child of Govind prasad and Hem rani and had two brothers and a sister, Shyama. She was married in 1914, at the age of 7, to Dr Swarup Narain Varma in Indore. She stayed with her parents while her husband studied in Lucknow to complete his education, during which time, she received her higher education at the Allahabad University and passed her B.A. Examination in 1929 and completed her Master’s degree-M.A. in Sanskrit in 1933.
After the death of her husband in 1966, she moved permanently to Allahabad and lived there until her death. She died in 11 September 1987.
Mahadevi was appointed as the first headmistress of Allahabad (Prayag) Mahila Vidyapeeth, which was started with a view to imparting cultural and literary education to girls through Hindi medium. Later, she became the chancellor of the institute. Her famous creations are as follows.
- Neehar (1930)
- Rashmi (1932)
- Neeraja (1934)
- Deepshikha (1939)
- Agnirekha (1990, published after her death)
Just follow the links to read all the poems by Mahadevi Varma