Maithilisharan Gupt (मैथिलीशरण गुप्त) (3 August 1886 – 12 December 1964) was one of the most known Hindi poet. He is considered one among the pioneers of Khari Boli (plain dialect) poetry and wrote in Khari Boli dialect, at a time when most Hindi poets favoured the use of Braj Bhasha dialect.
He was born in Chirgaon, Jhansi in a Gahoi family. His father was Seth Ramcharan Gupta and mother’s name was Smt. Kashibai. He disliked school as a child, so his father arranged for his education at their home. As a child, Gupt studied Sanskrit, English and Bengali. Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi was his mentor. He was married in 1895. He was the teacher of Dewan Shatrughan Singh (Bundelkhandi Royal), who is known as Bundelkhand Kesri & Bundelkhand Gandhi.
His works are based along patriotic themes, among others poets such as Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Makhanlal Chaturvedi. His poetry is characterized by non-rhyming couplets, in Khadi Boli. Although the couplet structure is non-rhyming, the prominent use of alliterations lends a rhythmic backdrop due the rhythmic alterations between vowels and consonants. He was a religious man, and this can be seen in his works.
His famous creations are as follows.
- Rang mein Bhang
- Jayadrath Vadh
- Vikat Bhat
- Plassey ka Yuddha
- Arjan Aur Visarjan
- kirano ka khel
Just follow the links to read all the poems by Maithilisharan Gupt