Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’ (Hindi: सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी ‘निराला’) (February 21, 1896 – October 15, 1961) was one of the most famous figures of the modern Hindi literature. He was a poet, novelist, essayist and story-writer. He also drew many sketches.
Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’, one of the most significant poets of modern Hindi, was born on February 21, 1896, in a Brahmin family of Midnapore in Bengal (originally from Unnao,Uttar Pradesh). He was also a famous poet of Hindi Kavi Sammelan. Though a student of Bengali, Nirala took keen interest in Sanskrit from the very beginning. In time, through his natural intelligence and acquired knowledge, he became an authority on various languages – Bengali, English, Sanskrit, and Hindi.
Nirala pioneered the Chhayavaad movement along with Jaishankar Prasad, Sumitranandan Pant and Mahadevi Varma. Nirala’s Parimal and Anamika are considered as the original Chhayavaadi Hindi literature. He was unrecognized during his life. His style of poetry, revolutionary for his time, often was unpublished due to its unconventional nature. He voiced his protest against exploitation through his verses. He amalgamated Vedanta, nationalism, mysticism, and love for nature and progressive humanist ideals in his works. The sources of his themes include history, religion, nature, Puranas and contemporary social and political questions. He initiated the use of blank verse in his poems. He introduced aesthetic sense, love of nature, personal viewpoint and freedom of form and content in writing which went on to become the chief tenets of Chhayawad. His multifaceted genius, which ushered in a new style of poetry, acquired him a pseudonym, Nirala (unique). His poem Saroj Smriti is one of the greatest, showing his emotions and sentiments for his daughter.
Nirala is also credited with bringing in free verse in the modern Hindi prose. His thinking was influenced by Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa and Swami Vivekananda and in the literary field by Michael Mudhusudan Dutt and Rabindranath Tagore.
His popular poems are as follows.
- Ram Ki Shakti Puja (राम की शक्ति पूजा)
- Saroj Smriti(सरोज स्मृति)
- Parimal (परिमल)
- Anaamika (अनामिका) (1937)
- Geetika (गीतिका)
- Kukurmutta (कुकुरमुत्ता) (1941)
- Adima (अणिमा)
- Bela (बेला)
- Naye Patte (नये पत्ते)
- Archana (अर्चना)
- Aradhana (आराधना)
- Tulsidas (तुलसीदास)
- Janmabhumi (जन्मभूमि)
- Jago Phir Ek Bar (जागो फिर एक बार)
Just follow the links to read all the poems by Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’